Cliff Ogiugo’s cartoon series ‘little joe’ was published in the Sunday Times in the early 1970s (Olaniyan 93). Ogiugo’s ‘little joe’ cartoon is notable for its reoccurring use of the little joe character (Olaniyan 95), the multi-panel structure to tell a story (Olaniyan 103), and the emphasis of words over images to convey a message (Olaniyan 98). Ogiugo was an early pioneer for the multi-panel, word-driven cartoon, the influence of which can be seen in the cartoons largely featured in The Guardian (Olaniyan 98).
Information compiled from: Tejumola Olaniyan, “The Traditions of Cartooning in Nigeria,” Glendora Review: African Quarterly on the Arts Vol. 2, No. 2 (1997):92-104.