James Kamawira, better known by his pen-name Kham, began cartooning in 1988 at the Kenya Times. In 1994 he moved to the East African Chronicle and then in 1997 he began cartooning at the East African Standard. Kham is well-known for his comic strip and character Bongoman-a portrayal of the urban Kenyan “everyman”-and for his Swahili comic book, Macho ya Mji. Kham has had international recognition and is the recipient of cartooning awards.
- “Kham (James Kamawira),” Lambiek Encyclopedia.
- Neil Henry. “Bongoman: Cartoon Character Wins Popularity in Kenya.” Washington Post, 2 November 1990.
- Kham. Macho ya Mji. Nairobi: Sasa Sema Publications, 1998.